David Scholz

Ph.D. student
K Building, Room 2.16
Office hours: by appointment
+49 6341 280 34 214

Research interests Publications & conference contributions Teaching Vita

Research interests

  • Models of Personality Structure
    • HEXACO
    • Dark Factor of Personality
    • Dimensional Models of Personality Disorders
  • Trust in Automation & Interpersonal Trust
    • Commonalities & Differences
    • Influences of states and traits
  • Methods
    • Structural equation modeling (SEM)
    • Mediation & Moderation analysis


Papers (peer reviewed)

  • Scholz, D. D., Bader, M., Betsch, C., Böhm, R., Lilleholt, L., Sprengholz, P., Zettler, I. (in press). The moderating role of trust in pandemic-relevant institutions on the relation between pandemic fatigue and vaccination intentions. Journal of Health Psychology.
  • Horsten, L. K., Thielmann, I., Moshagen, M., Zettler, I., Scholz, D., & Hilbig, B. E.(2023). Testing the equivalence of the aversive core of personality and a blend of Agreeableness(-related) items. Journal of Personality. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12830
  • Scholz, D. D., Thielmann, I., & Hilbig, B. E. (2023). Down to the core: The role of the common core of dark traits for aversive relationship behaviors. Personality and Individual Differences, 213. 112263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2023.112263
  • Kraus, J., & Miller, L., Klumpp, M., Babel, F., Scholz, D., Merger J., & Baumann, M (2023). On the Role of Beliefs and Trust for the Intention to Use Service Robots: An Integrated Trustworthiness Beliefs Model for Robot Acceptance. Journal of Social Robotics, 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12369-022-00952-4 .
  • Scholz, D. D., Hilbig, B. E., Thielmann, I., Moshagen, M. & Zettler, I. (2022). Beyond (low) Agreeableness: Towards a more comprehensive understanding of antagonistic psychopathology. Journal of personality. 90(6), 956-97. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12708
  • Kraus, J., Scholz, D., & Baumann, M. (2020). What’s Driving Me? Exploration and Validation of a Hierarchical Personality Model for Trust in Automated Driving. Human factors, 63(6), 1076-1105. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720820922653
  • Kraus, J., Scholz, D., Messner, E. M., Messner, M., & Baumann, M. (2020). Scared to Trust?–Predicting Trust in Highly Automated Driving by Depressiveness, Negative Self-Evaluations and State Anxiety. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2917. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02917
  • Kraus, J., Scholz, D. , Stiegemeier, D., & Baumann, M. (2019).The more you know: trust dynamics and calibration in highly automated driving and the effects of take-overs, system malfunction, and system transparency. Human factors, 62(5), 718-736. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720819853686

Conference Contributions

  • Scholz, D., Thielmann, I., & Hilbig, B. E. (2023). Besinnung auf Gemeinsamkeiten statt Unterschiede:Die Rolle des gemeinsamen Kerns der dark tetrad für aversives Verhalten in Beziehungen. Biennial Conference of the German Psychological Society - Personality Psychology and Psychological Diagnostics (DPPD) Section, 25-27 September 2023 in Salzburg, Austria
  • Scholz, D., Kraus, J. & Miller, L. (2022). Comparing the structure of Propensity to Trust in Human-Human and Human-Technology interaction. Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psycholog:innen (Conference of Experimental Psychologists; TEAP), 20-23 March 2022 in Cologne, Germany
  • Scholz, D., Hilbig, B. E., Thielmann, I., Moshagen, M., & Zettler, I. (2021). The Differential Roles of Agreeableness, Honesty Humility and the Dark Factor of Personality for Antagonistic Psychopathology. Biennial Conference of the German Psychological Society - Personality Psychology and Psychological Diagnostics (DPPD) Section, 12-15 September 2021 in Ulm, Germany
  • Kraus, J. M., Nothdurft, F., Hock, P., Scholz, D., Minker, W., & Baumann, M. (2016). Human After All: Effects of Mere Presence and Social Interaction of a Humanoid Robot as a Co-Driver in Automated Driving. Adjunct Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, 129-134.
  • Scholz, D. The dark factor of personality as a common basis for aversive maladaptive traits. SMiP Fall Retreat, 25-26 November 2022.
  • Scholz, D. Beyond (low) Agreeableness: A closer view on antagonistic psychopathology. Online SMiP-IOPS Conference, 08-09 June 2021.


Courses taught

  • Winter 2022/23: Justifying beliefs for "dark" personality tendencies - Part II" (lab-tutorial & methods course; level: B.Sc., language: German)
  • Summer 2022: Justifying beliefs for "dark" personality tendencies - Part I" (lab-tutorial & methods course; level: B.Sc., language: German)
  • Summer 2021: Cognitive psychology (seminar; level: B.Sc., language: German; online)
  • Summer 2019: Statistic tutor for the lecture “Evaluation” by Morten Moshagen (tutorial; level: M.Sc., language: German; University of Ulm)

Supervised theses

  • Eine Untersuchung der zugrundeliegenden Persönlichkeitseigenschaften der Paranoiden Persönlichkeitsstörung: Der dunkle Kern der Persönlichkeit vs. Antagonismus
  • Analyse der Moderation/Mediation des Zusammenhangs von D und dem Herabsetzen von Paarungsrivalen durch Grundüberzeugungen


Education / Degrees

  • 2017-2019: M.Sc. Psychology, University of Ulm (advisors: Martin Baumann, Morten Moshagen)
  • 2014-2017: B.Sc. Psychology, University of Ulm (advisor: Martin Baumann)

Research and academic experience

  • 2022: Lab visit at the University of Copenhagen (Department of Psychology)
  • Since 2020: Ph.D. Student at the Research Training Group "Statistical Modeling in Psychology" (advisor: Benjamin E. Hilbig)
  • Since 2020: Research assistant at the Experimental Psychology & Personality Lab (RPTU Kaiserslautern-Landau)
  • 2018: Visiting Student at the Tokyo Institute of Technology supported by the PROMOS Scholarship Programme
  • 2016-2019: Student assistant at the department of Human Factors (University of Ulm)
  • 2015-2019: Student assistant at the department of Clinical and Health Psychology (University of Ulm)

Award, grants, and scholarships

  • 2022: Open Science Award (Gold) of the Open Science Commission, Department of Psychology, University of Koblenz-Landau
  • 2018: PROMOS Scholarship for a master thesis, DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service), University of Ulm

Ad-hoc reviewer

  • European Journal of Personality
  • Personality and Mental Health